This legume species from Western Asia produces a honey like sap called ‘gaz’ that was collected by the Persians during Alexander the Great's era. It was made into a candy called Bandar-i-Shah. 8 inch pods are produced which can be used much like other honeylocusts. No one has considered its use as a sugar tree. It has been fully hardy here in Michigan. The tree is quite vigorous developing thorns on up and down the branches but some trees have very few thorns too.
The yields of the pods and their sugar content may be valuable for both animal and human food and might be kind of a northern substitute of carob or acacia gum. Like all the honeylocust we have planted in our fields, the foliage is browsed on by white tail deer but only the very tips of the branches. The thorns of this tree act as a deterrent to browsing to some extent. Eventually the tree wins out and develops and a rather thick crown as it winds it way upward. This tree appears to be much smaller than our native honeylocust. The thick bright green foliage makes it adaptable to drier soils and climates.
|Genus & Species||Gleditsia caspica|
|Pollination Requirements||Best to plant 2-3 trees to insure fruit set. Trees produce both male and female blossoms separately but on the same tree.|
|Soil||Any soil type. Very adaptable.|
|Climate||Zone 5-9. No winter damage in southern Michigan.|
|Ease of Cultivation||Anyone can grow these. Super easy.|