Very early maturing dry field corn from Alberta Canada developed exclusively at Oikos Tree Crops. 60-70 days.
Can be used for meal or eaten fresh if roasted. (Not a sweet corn but can be eaten raw or cooked during one week of ripening). The 6 inch ears are small but always free of corn ear worm due to its long husk. Plants are semi dwarf growing 3-4 ft. tall on average with one ear per plant. Given to me by a researcher from Canada who was working with short season crops for the most northern areas of North America. It took about 3 years of growing out to get a uniform crop with larger ears with uniform filling all the way to the end of the ear. The earliness may vary from 60-70 days. In 2017 I planted on July 1st and it still ripened in time. The ears were smaller than normal that year so that might be its limits in terms of yield and development of the kernels but it can easily be done and still useful for an additional crop.
The yields of Alberta Clipper are roughly half of today's normal hybrid field corn. The real advantage of this corn is a that it can be planted late after spring crops are harvested. Alberta Clipper can be used to feed animals or corn meal for the home gardener. Rather than letting a field go fallow, this corn could be used along with a nitrogen fixing crop for an additional yield. The 60 day ripening means the husks are brown at this point of ripening as well as usually hanging down from the stalk. The dwarf stature of the plant will allow other plants to grow within it without a lot of shading.
This is one of several early field corns for use in areas thought to have little or any cultivation of corn in the early Americas. It is likely a composite strain selected just for earliness. Think of it as an adjunct crop growing in conditions where there is little wiggle room for ripening. The dwarf plants are strong and produce some tillers. They appear to have good resistance to rust and ripen earlier than the southwestern varieties of early corns.
Alberta Clipper makes a good corn for meal and can be dried and stored easily in short season areas. The flavor is very good. Over the years I have been growing it, I continue to improve the variety by selecting for robust plants, full ears and earliness.
To germinate the seeds: Seeds seem to germinate in cool soil better than most corns. Plant 1/2 inch deep. Seeds can sprout sporadically over the course of 2 weeks. Spacing can be denser than most corns as foliage is much less. Plants grow from 3-4 ft. tall. 30 inch rows 6 inches between plants worked for me.
Currently testing for germination-November 2022.
|Genus & Species||Zea mays|
|Seed Source||Michigan, Originally from Alberta, Canada|
|Pollination Requirements||Breeds true if no cross pollination.|
|Soil||Any soil will do.|
|Ease of Cultivation||Some variation exists in ripening but in general if planted late will still ripen in 60 to 70 days meaning the husks have turned brown at that point. Yields are good for a dwarf corn like this but low compared to conventional corn. Would be a good adjunct garden crop or side crop while you wait for another crop to ripen to replace it. Has to be the easiest crop to grow. No wonder corn is such a savior.|