Selected seedlings from a group of seedling crabapples with very clean foliage and dense clusters of fruiting. This crabapple is a good cross for developing small clean mini apples that have very clean skins with no disease issues. All are collected from apples that are larger than one inch in size which are mostly red in color. One selection which I kept separated is a bright yellow-brown russet apple. This has the highest yield of any apple I have grown from seed at my farm. The selection process was for clean foliage and larger than average sized fruit. That selection was named 'Waterfall' and is listed separately below along with scionwood. The other seeds were collected from heavy producers of fruit larger than an inch in size and from disease free parent trees.
The parents of crosses used are Malus x purpurea, domestica, russet seedling, Minnesota crab-dolgo cross, virginiana, japonica,sibirica and pumila. The goal of all these seedlings was to develop a hybrid seed strain of vigorous apples that could be used for fruit production for jelly, wildlife use, rootstock for apple trees but primarily to create a strong population for further cultivar development of delicious to eat small apples. Each tree has been in my orchard over 20 years grown from seed selected for tree health first. Flower color can vary from red, pink and white.
"Waterfalls" Crabapple: Selected seedling of a russet crabapple, this crabapple is the highest yielding crabapple at my farm. The one inch sized yellow brown apples are very tart, completely clean of insects and diseases and the foliage is spotless all summer. The yields are so high, the apples drape over to the ground making it look like an apple waterfall. Seeds are for further selection and a healthy crabapple population with large fruit. Likely was a cross found in a park called "Heterophylla" and appears to be a hybrid cross of the native crab Malus coronaria. I found several of these growing where the fruit was a blanket of fruit on the ground.
"Ecos" Crabapple contains selections of red crabapples with solid fruit set and heavy yields with clean foliage and clean fruit. Scionwood is sent upon request of one selection with outstanding quality fruit that look like miniature McIntosh Apples.
How these trees were selected and why: Every now and then I would get an apple flowering at a young age and showing incredible vigor compared to other apples in its class. Selections are from a batch of apple seedlings that had very clean foliage. I planted them out on a slope at my farm in a small Tubex tree shelters. I continue this today and have new ones coming on regularly now. The apples are very tart but is fine to use for other uses other than fresh eating. Most crabapples are selected for their floral characteristics. I think as an ornamental, that is fine, but the amount of benefits to birds and mammals from these wonderful apples are amazing.
To germinate the seed: Treat like other apple or pear seeds. Store seed in moist media under refrigeration with a zip lock bag for 90-120 days. Plant in the spring in a good garden soil lightly covering the seed. Normally most of the seeds will come up in the first spring season. Seeds can also be plucked out as they sprout in the bag and put into pots. Apple seeds can be fall planted too with very good results in the field. Lightly cover the seeds and protect from pilferage by covering with a light coating of gypsum and dried pelletized chicken manure. This will break down over the winter providing additional fertilizer. I will use a liquid feed while planting the apple seeds and spraying directly on the seeds within the row of seeds covering them fully. I do this in the fall.
Seeds are sent immediately. Scions are sent in the dormant season of Jan. or Feb. Seeds have been floated.
|Genus & Species||Malus x domestica x hybrids|
|Pollination Requirements||Self fertile.|
|Soil||Sandy, sandy loam, clay.|
|Climate||Zone 3-8, has not been tested as a low chill apple seed strain.|
|Ease of Cultivation||For growing apples from seed, this crabapple strain is the easiest from the stand point of foliar health. Foliar health is not what you would call a high priority for breeders of apple trees, but its more critical if you do not want to spray and want the tree to hold its foliage late into the season. All the selections used for this mix are healthy vibrant trees with good fruit production not just 'row run' seedlings. A good selection practical to grow for wildlife use as most hang on to the tree late in the season as well. Tolerant to wide range of conditions pretty much like most apple seedlings. Protect against browse from deer.|